There are great differences in the way children are viewed around the world and this impacts on the way that they are treated as citizens and ultimately the way that they then feel about themselves. Is our predominant cultural image of the young child in the UK a 19th century one that sees the child as weak, fragile, needing constant adult input and guidance to shape and master skills? Or, instead, that every child is a strong, capable, powerful and resilient natural learner. How much do we actually trust children as learners? This table shows some of the differences between the Nordic and Pre-school approaches.